Monday, June 16, 2014

African organizations unite to address the threat of a dangerous form of Fusarium wilt of banana


An  African  consortium of international researchers and growers, backed by policymakers in regional blocs of eastern and southern Africa has declared “war” against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4), a highly pathogenic form of the banana Fusarium wilt, previously confined to Asia, but recently introduced to a farm in northern Mozambique.

FoC TR4 (also known as Panama disease) is caused by a fungal strain that can survive for decades in the soil, and once introduced to a country has never been previously eradicated. Production of Cavendish types of banana which dominate export markets, and some other local forms of banana, has been devastated across Asia, no thanks to Foc TR4.

Its introduction to Africa, probably by infected planting material by people, has already had a massive impact on the commercial plantation in Mozambique, and efforts are in place to contain the disease on this farm, to avert further spread and to prepare other African countries against similar incursions, says Dr Fen Beed, Plant Pathologist with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA).

To manage the disease outbreak and to prepare African countries reliant on banana for food security and income generation, a stakeholder workshop of the African Consortium for Foc TR4 (AC4TR4) was held in Stellenbosch, South Africa, 23-24 April 2014, on the theme: Development of a Strategy to address the threat of Foc TR4 in Africa. Representatives from the following organization took part: Southern African Development Community (SADC), The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East African Community (EAC), Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPO), IITA, Bioversity International, Stellenbosch University, national research organizations, and commercial growers. 

Recommendations from the workshop have now been harmonized. A major output has been “The Stellenbosch Declaration on addressing the threat of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4) to banana production in Africa,” convened by SADC and COMESA, signed by member states and endorsing institutions.

This unique Declaration aims to combine forces to curtail the introduction and spread of Foc TR4 in Africa and in particular to achieve the following:

1. Fully develop and implement a continental strategy under the direction of an African Foc TR4 task force to contain the incursion of Foc TR4 in the Nampula   province of  Mozambique and prevent similar incursions elsewhere.

2. Provide and enhance technical capacity on the continent, and to implement and monitor phytosanitary systems, including wider use of International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) and other matters concerning plant health to address the threat of Foc TR4 in Africa.   

3. Report and map electronically by means of a web portal any new outbreaks of Foc TR4 in African member states and communicate information on new outbreaks, successful containment, and prevention initiatives.

4. Establish recognition that Foc TR4 is a continental issue that requires coordination and collaboration between  NPPOs, RECs, ICPs, research institutions, universities, governments, and other relevant stakeholders throughout Africa by means of regular meetings and consultations.

5. Develop and apply appropriate diagnostic services, provide training, raise awareness, monitor disease spread, and screen banana germplasm for Foc TR4 resistance for deployment by vulnerable banana growers.

6.   Call  upon    African  and  international organizations to recognize and support the activities of AC4TR4 by investing in research, awareness programs, human capacity, and infrastructure development on the continent.

7. Develop a regional Pest Risk Analysis document and a set of phytosanitary measures to be enforced by member states to prevent the introduction and spread of Foc TR4 and other quarantine pests of banana.  

8. Encourage governments in Africa to formulate the necessary legislation and to implement the required activities to protect the crops of vulnerable farm owners against destructive exotic pests.

 
For more information, please contact: Fen Beed, f.beed@cgiar.org, or Godwin Atser, g.atser@cgiar.org

25 comments:

  1. This site is very good to me. Because this site has much more sense post. So I am posting at the site.
    I would like to know more of the unknown. Top posts and takes a lot of good to me and to all of the beautiful and the good.
    web design UK

    ReplyDelete
  2. be a reflection and a lot of knowledge to visit this blog and interesting to read thanks admin, my site can visit jaket kulit garut much koleksi leather jacket.

    ReplyDelete
  3. add insight into a broad and obtain useful information thanks admin.http://jualjaketkulit.co.id visit back my website

    ReplyDelete
  4. this post is very good.it is useful for us best sleep tracker

    ReplyDelete
  5. We are very happy to see your important post.Waiting for your next post buy facebook likes......................................

    ReplyDelete
  6. You have nice collections please checkout our Entertaining website

    ReplyDelete
  7. Your site is realy cool and this is an awesome motivating article. Much thanks to you to such an extent. more hints

    leather horse saddles

    ReplyDelete
  8. Indian And Pakistani Escort Girls In Dubai Companions and Elite Sweetheart Experience Administrations.
    Regardless of whether The Model Girls are Really at That Level or Recently Advertised That Way,
    The Fortunate Respectable Who Have This Gigantic Choice of Cute Models.
    Indian Escort In Dubai

    ReplyDelete

  9. You are eager to book a night date with our gorgeous female escorts on a go. We feel proud to

    suggest one of the escorts in Delhi for you.Indian Escorts in Dubai Find out how you

    proceed for your requirement and how to choose the lucky one. One thing is sure, you will get out

    of control with sexual urge when you go through real photos of hot females of our portfolio.


    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified
    https://twitter.com/MyDubaiModel
    http://dubaicallgirls.co/indianescorts.html

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995

    ReplyDelete
  10. I have an extraordinary ordeal to know how to fulfilled a man and how to comfort him with me at first time. I am accomplished and have extremely forceful way. checkout on this CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI

    call and whatsapp number 00971522909500
    http://dubaimodels.co/callgirlsindubai.html
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  11. hi gentlman my name is Mahnoor Baloch I am 21 years of age. I am school going girl..I am exceptionally alluring, beguiling, delightful and provocative CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI.

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995
    http://escort19.com/
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  12. Hello there. My name is Alia and I am from India. I am a traveler in Dubai and my energy is to wind up noticeably a Modeling Star. I am accessible to traverse CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI and will come to you.

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995
    http://www.dubaihighescorts.com/
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  13. My past encounters with various man of honor was extremely decent and in future I need refined man with a noteworthy identity and positive outlook CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI. I like individuals who regard others since I am somewhat passionate.

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995
    http://independent-escorts-girls.com/
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  14. I give Entertainment and Peak sex to my companions who calls me in the night. I am accessible all the ideal opportunity for your administrations. In the event that you need to meet me you can call CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI. I am accessible day in and day out for you.

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995
    http://www.escortsdubai110.com/callgirlsindubai.html
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  15. Hi Friends welcome here in Dubai hot young CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI office. we are an amazing and a standout amongst the most well known organization here in Dubai for gorgeous escorts.

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995
    http://dubaiescorts110.com/callgirlsindubai.html
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  16. Are You Looking To Here A Wishing Well For Your Dating Or Romantic Fun So; We Have A Wide And Unique Range Of Indian Russian, Arabic Turkish and Pakistani CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI.

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995
    http://dubaiescorts-verified.com/callgirlsindubai.html
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  17. All Our Indian Pakistani CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI Are Available For In Call And Out-call We Are Waiting For Your Call Anytime you need.

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995
    http://dubaiescort-verified.com/callgirlsindubai.html
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  18. Our Agency CALL GIRLS IN DUBAI Have Fully Up to Date Escorts In Dubai With New Faces Belongs From Fashion Industry And Modeling.

    call and whatsapp number +971561616995
    http://dubai-peaches.com/callgirlsindubai.html
    https://www.scoop.it/t/dubai-escorts-by-anjalimodel9
    https://vk.com/dubaiescorts.verified

    ReplyDelete
  19. Dr Itua cure my HIV, I have been a ARV Consumption for 10 years. i have been in pains until i came across Dr Itua on blogs site.I emailed him about my details of my HIV and my location i explained every thing to him and he told me that there is nothing to be scared of that he will cured me, he gave me guarantee,He ask me to pay for items fees so when i'm cured I will show gratitude I did and giving testimony of his healing herbs is what I'm going to do for the rest of you out there having HIV and other disease can see the good work of Dr Itua.I received his herbal medicine through EMS Courier service who delivered to my post office within 5 working days.Dr Itua is an honest man and I appreciate him for his good work.My GrandMa called him to appreciate him and rest of my friends did too,Is a joy to me that I'm free of taking Pills and having that fat belle is a nightmare.you will understand what i'm talking about if you have same problem I was having then not now though.I'm free and healthy Big Thanks To Dr Itua Herbal Center.I have his calendar too that he recently sent me,He Cure all kind disease Like,Cancer,Weak Erection,Wart Remover,Hpv,Herpes,Alzheimer’s disease,Bechet’s disease,Crohn’s disease
    ,Cushing’s disease,Heart failure,Multiple Sclerosis,Hypertension,Fibromyalgia,Hiv,Hepatitis B,Liver/Kidney Inflamatory,Epilepsy,Blood Cancer,Prostate Cancer,Colo-Rectal Cancer,Brain Cancer,Lung Cancer,Infertility,Parkinson's disease,Schizophrenia,Lung Cancer,Breast Cancer,Colo-Rectal Cancer,Blood Cancer,Prostate Cancer,siva.Fatal Familial Insomnia Factor V Leiden Mutation ,Epilepsy Dupuytren's disease,Desmoplastic small-round-cell tumor Diabetes ,Coeliac disease,Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease,Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy, Ataxia,Arthritis,measles, tetanus, whooping cough, tuberculosis, polio and diphtheriaAmyotrophic Lateral Scoliosis,Fibromyalgia,Fluoroquinolone Toxicity
    Syndrome Fibrodysplasia Ossificans ProgresSclerosis,Seizures,Alzheimer's disease,Adrenocortical carcinoma.Asthma,Allergic diseases.Hiv_ Aids,Herpe ,Copd,Glaucoma., Cataracts,Macular degeneration,Cardiovascular disease,Lung disease.Enlarged prostate,Osteoporosis.Alzheimer's disease,
    Dementia.Fibroid,Diabetes,Dercum,Copd ,and also Bring back Ex Lover Back..Here his Contact .drituaherbalcenter@gmail.com Or Whats_app Number +2348149277967

    ReplyDelete